Amphetamine is a central nervous system stimulant that affects chemicals in the brain and nerves that contribute to hyperactivity and impulse control.
Amphetamine is used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
The Evekeo brand of amphetamine is used to treat ADHD and also narcolepsy. Evekeo is sometimes used to treat obesity in people who have not lost weight with diets or other treatments.
Amphetamine is not approved for use in children less than 6 years of age, with the exception of Evekeo (approved for children age 3 and older).
Do not use amphetamine if you have used an MAO inhibitor in the past 14 days, such as isocarboxazid, linezolid, phenelzine, rasagiline, selegiline, or tranylcypromine or have received a methylene blue injection.
Amphetamine may cause new or worsening psychosis (unusual thoughts or behavior), especially if you have a history of depression, mental illness, or bipolar disorder.
Amphetamine may cause blood circulation problems that can cause numbness, pain, or discoloration in your fingers or toes.
Before taking this medicine
You should not use amphetamine if you are allergic to any stimulant medicine, or if you have:
- heart disease or a heart defect;
- moderate to severe high blood pressure;
- overactive thyroid;
- severe anxiety, tension, or agitation (stimulant medicine can make these symptoms worse); or
- a history of drug or alcohol abuse.
Do not use amphetamine if you have used an MAO inhibitor in the past 14 days. A dangerous drug interaction could occur. MAO inhibitors include isocarboxazid, linezolid, methylene blue injection, phenelzine, rasagiline, selegiline, tranylcypromine, and others.
- motor tics (muscle twitches) or Tourette’s syndrome;
- kidney disease;
- a thyroid disorder;
- seizures or epilepsy;
- an abnormal brain wave test (EEG);
- coronary artery disease (clogged arteries); or
- blood circulation problems in the hands or feet.
Taking this medicine during pregnancy can cause premature birth, low birth weight, or withdrawal symptoms in the newborn baby. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant.
Amphetamine can pass into breast milk and may harm a nursing baby. Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.
Amphetamine is not approved for use by anyone younger than 6 years old.
How should I take amphetamine?
Follow all directions on your prescription label and read all medication guides or instruction sheets. Your doctor may occasionally change your dose. Do not use this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.Take amphetamine with or without food, first thing in the morning. If taken too late in the day, you may have trouble sleeping.
If your doctor changes your brand, strength, or type of stimulant medicine, your dosage needs may change. Use only the brand of this medicine your doctor has prescribed.
Shake the oral suspension (liquid) well just before you measure a dose. Measure liquid medicine with the dosing syringe provided, or with a special dose-measuring spoon (not a kitchen spoon) or medicine cup. If you do not have a dose-measuring device, ask your pharmacist for one.
To take the orally disintegrating tablet (Adzenys XR-ODT):
- Keep the tablet in its blister pack until you are ready to take it. Using dry hands open the package and peel back the foil. Do not push a tablet through the foil or you may damage the tablet.
- Use dry hands to remove the tablet and place it in your mouth.
- Do not swallow the tablet whole. Allow it to dissolve in your mouth without chewing. If desired, you may sip liquid to help swallow the dissolved tablet.
While using amphetamine, your doctor will need to check your progress at regular visits. Tell any doctor who treats you that you are using this medicine.
Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Keep the bottle tightly closed when not in use.
Keep track of your medicine. Amphetamine is a drug of abuse and you should be aware if anyone is using your medicine improperly or without a prescription